ZX Spectrum (Platform)

Logo for ZX Spectrum


The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd.

Referred to during development as the ZX81 Colour and ZX82, the machine was launched as the ZX Spectrum by Sinclair to highlight the machine's colour display, compared with the black and white of its predecessor, the ZX81. The Spectrum was ultimately released as eight different models, ranging from the entry level model with 16 KB RAM released in 1982 to the ZX Spectrum +3 with 128 KB RAM and built in floppy disk drive in 1987; together they sold in excess of 5 million units worldwide (not counting numerous clones).

The Spectrum was among the first mainstream audience home computers in the UK, similar in significance to the Commodore 64 in the USA. The introduction of the ZX Spectrum led to a boom in companies producing software and hardware for the machine, the effects of which are still seen; some credit it as the machine which launched the UK IT industry. Licensing deals and clones followed, and earned Clive Sinclair a knighthood for "services to British industry".

The Commodore 64, Oric-1 and Atmos, BBC Microcomputer and later the Amstrad CPC range were rivals to the Spectrum in the UK market during the early 1980s. Over 24,000 software titles have been released since the Spectrum's launch and new titles continue to be released--over 100 in 2012. In 2014, a bluetooth keyboard modelled on the Spectrum was announced.



Release dates:
1982
Manufacturer:
Developers:
PLATFORM TYPE:
Computer
Operating SystemCPU
MemoryStorage
GraphicsSound
Online serviceOutput
Supported ResolutionsConnectivity

Games released on ZX Spectrum

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Rating
Title
Release Date
Salamander
December 31st, 1986 (33 years ago)
Commodore C64/128 / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / MSX / Nintendo 3DS / Arcade / Wii / TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine / Sharp X68000 / Amstrad CPC / Wii U
Tetris
December 31st, 1986 (33 years ago)
Sharp X1 / PC DOS / Mac / Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Game Boy Color / ZX Spectrum / MSX / Arcade / WonderSwan / Atari ST/STE / Sega Master System / Sega Mega Drive/Genesis / Commodore VIC-20 / BBC Microcomputer System / Apple II
Arkanoid
December 1st, 1986 (33 years ago)
PC DOS / Mac / Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / MSX / Arcade / Atari ST/STE / Atari 8-bit / Apple IIGS / TRS-80 / BBC Microcomputer System / Apple II / Amstrad CPC
SimCity
October 3rd, 1989 (30 years ago)
FM Towns / PC DOS / Mac / Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / ZX Spectrum / Atari ST/STE / Wii / Acorn Archimedes / Sharp X68000 / BBC Microcomputer System / Acorn Electron / PC (Microsoft Windows) / Virtual Console (Nintendo) / PC-98 / Amstrad CPC
The Way of the Exploding Fist
December 31st, 1985 (34 years ago)
Commodore C64/128 / ZX Spectrum / Commodore 16 / BBC Microcomputer System / Amstrad CPC
Elite
September 20th, 1984 (35 years ago)
PC DOS / Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / MSX / Atari ST/STE / Acorn Archimedes / BBC Microcomputer System / Acorn Electron / Apple II / Tatung Einstein / Amstrad CPC
Galaxian
October 1st, 1979 (40 years ago)
ColecoVision / Sharp X1 / PC DOS / Commodore C64/128 / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / MSX / Arcade / Atari 2600 / Atari 8-bit / Atari 5200 / Commodore VIC-20 / PC-8801 / Apple II / FM-7
Tales of the Unknown: Volume I - The Bard's Tale
December 31st, 1985 (34 years ago)
PC DOS / Mac / Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / Atari ST/STE / Apple IIGS / Apple II / Amstrad CPC
Ghouls 'n Ghosts
December 1st, 1988 (31 years ago)
Commodore C64/128 / Amiga / ZX Spectrum / Arcade / Atari ST/STE / Sega Master System / Sega Mega Drive/Genesis / Sharp X68000 / PC Engine SuperGrafx / Amstrad CPC
Contra
February 20th, 1987 (33 years ago)
Family Computer Disk System / Xbox Live Arcade / PlayStation 2 / PC DOS / Commodore C64/128 / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / ZX Spectrum / Arcade / MSX2 / Virtual Console (Nintendo) / Amstrad CPC