ZX Spectrum (Platform)



The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research Ltd.

Referred to during development as the ZX81 Colour and ZX82, the machine was launched as the ZX Spectrum by Sinclair to highlight the machine's colour display, compared with the black and white of its predecessor, the ZX81. The Spectrum was ultimately released as eight different models, ranging from the entry level model with 16 KB RAM released in 1982 to the ZX Spectrum +3 with 128 KB RAM and built in floppy disk drive in 1987; together they sold in excess of 5 million units worldwide (not counting numerous clones).

The Spectrum was among the first mainstream audience home computers in the UK, similar in significance to the Commodore 64 in the USA. The introduction of the ZX Spectrum led to a boom in companies producing software and hardware for the machine, the effects of which are still seen; some credit it as the machine which launched the UK IT industry. Licensing deals and clones followed, and earned Clive Sinclair a knighthood for "services to British industry".

The Commodore 64, Oric-1 and Atmos, BBC Microcomputer and later the Amstrad CPC range were rivals to the Spectrum in the UK market during the early 1980s. Over 24,000 software titles have been released since the Spectrum's launch and new titles continue to be released--over 100 in 2012. In 2014, a bluetooth keyboard modelled on the Spectrum was announced.



Release dates:
1982
Manufacturer:
PLATFORM TYPE:
Computer
Operating SystemCPU
MemoryStorage
GraphicsSound
Online serviceOutput
Supported ResolutionsConnectivity

Games released on ZX Spectrum

Sorting
Rating
Title
Release Date
Tetris
December 31st, 1986 (31 years ago)
PC DOS / ZX Spectrum / Amiga / Atari ST/STE / MSX / Sharp X1 / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / BBC Microcomputer System / Commodore C64/128 / Apple II / Mac / Arcade / Game Boy / Sega Mega Drive/Genesis / Sega Master System / Game Boy Color / WonderSwan / Commodore VIC-20
SimCity
October 3rd, 1989 (28 years ago)
Mac / Virtual Console (Nintendo) / Amiga / PC DOS / Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / ZX Spectrum / BBC Microcomputer System / Amstrad CPC / PC (Microsoft Windows)
Batman
December 22nd, 1989 (28 years ago)
Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / PC DOS / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / MSX / ZX Spectrum / Amstrad CPC
Double Dragon 2: The Revenge
December 31st, 1988 (29 years ago)
Virtual Console (Nintendo) / Amiga / Arcade / PC DOS / Xbox / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / ZX Spectrum / Sega Mega Drive/Genesis / Amstrad CPC
Arkanoid
December 1st, 1986 (31 years ago)
ZX Spectrum / TRS-80 / Atari 8-bit / Atari ST/STE / PC DOS / Apple IIGS / Apple II / Amiga / MSX / Commodore C64/128 / BBC Microcomputer System / Mac / Amstrad CPC / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Arcade
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
May 12th, 1989 (28 years ago)
Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / PC DOS / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / MSX / ZX Spectrum / Amstrad CPC
Shinobi
December 31st, 1987 (30 years ago)
Amiga / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Arcade / PC DOS / Sega Master System / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / MSX / ZX Spectrum / TurboGrafx-16/PC Engine / Amstrad CPC
Street Fighter II
February 6th, 1991 (27 years ago)
Virtual Console (Nintendo) / Super Famicom / Amiga / Arcade / PC DOS / Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / ZX Spectrum / Amstrad CPC
International Karate +
December 31st, 1987 (30 years ago)
Amiga / PlayStation / Atari ST/STE / Commodore C64/128 / ZX Spectrum / Game Boy Advance / Amiga CD32 / Amstrad CPC
Contra
February 20th, 1987 (31 years ago)
Virtual Console (Nintendo) / PlayStation 2 / Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) / Arcade / Family Computer Disk System / PC DOS / Xbox Live Arcade / Commodore C64/128 / MSX2 / ZX Spectrum / Amstrad CPC